Plants photographed on Kyffhäuser
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Solanum nigrum L.


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Solanum nigrum

Image 1
Habit
13 Dec 2008

Solanum nigrum

Image 2
Fruit
16 Dec 2008

Solanum nigrum

Image 3
Leaves
16 Dec 2008

Solanum nigrum

Image 4
Flowers (note dark stem)
16 Dec 2008

Solanum nigrum

Image 5
Fruit
16 Dec 2008

Solanum nigrum

Image 6
Leaves
30 Sep 2006



Family: Solanaceae
Full name: Solanum nigrum L.
ID status: Fairly certain
Afrikaans common name(s): Nastergal, Galbessie, Nagskade, Nasgal(bossie), Wildenastagal
English common name(s): Black nightshade, Deadly nightshade, Common nightshade, Garden nightshade, Hound's berry, Inkberrry, European black nightshade, Nightshade
Synonym(s): Solanum guineense (L.) Lam. - (1797), non L. (1754)
Solanum nigrum L. var. aurantium Maire
Solanum nigrum L. var. chlorocarpum (Spenn.) Boiss.
Solanum nigrum L. var. elbaensis Täckh. & Boulos
Solanum nigrum L. var. incisum Täckh. & Boulos
Solanum nigrum L. var. induratum Boiss.
Solanum nigrum L. var. nigrum
Solanum nigrum L. var. pterocaulos (Rchb.) Batt.
Solanum nigrum L. var. suffruticosum (Schousb. ex Willd.) Moris
Solanum nigrum L. var. villosissimum (Guss.) Fiori
Solanum nigrum L. var. vulgare
Solanum suffruticosum Schousb. ex Willd.
Status: Native
Description: White flowers.

Black nightshade is a fairly common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. It has a height of 30–120 cm (12-48 in.), leaves 4-7.5 cm (1.5-3 in.) long) and 2–5 cm wide (1-2.5 in.); ovate to heart-shaped, with wavy or large-toothed edges; both surfaces hairy or hairless; petiole 1–3 cm (0.5-1 in.) long with a winged upper portion. The flowers have petals greenish to whitish, recurved when aged and surround prominent bright yellow anthers. The berry is mostly 6–8 mm (0.25-0.75 in.) diam., dull black or purple-black. (from Wikipedia)

Stem herbaceous, angular, more or less pubescent; leaves ovate, obovate or lanceolate, sinuate-dentate, more rarely entire, tapering downwards into the petiole, more or less pubescent with simple hairs on both surfaces, up to 4 in. by 2 in.; petiole 1 in. long or less; peduncle slender, 9 lin. long; cyme umbellate, few-flowered; pedicels spreading in flower, pendulous in fruit; calyx cup-shaped; lobes ovate, acute; corolla white, 3 lin. in diam.; lobes oblong-lanceolate, acute; stamens equal; filaments short, cylindrical; anthers 1 lin. long, oblong, obtuse, with 2 oblique pores near the apex; style slightly longer than the stamens, pubescent below; fruit globose, glabrous, 3 lin. in diam., black, more rarely red or yellow. (from JSTOR Global Plants website / Flora Capensis)
Link(s) African Plant Database
JSTOR Plant Science
Kew Herbarium Catalogue
BGBM Berlin-Dahlem - Virtual Herbarium
Züricher Herbarien
iSpot
Flora of Zimbabwe
Fleurs de notre Terre - Galerie Namibie
Tree Atlas of Namibia
Content last updated: 21 Mar 2018


Note: The identification of some of the plants on this website is not 100% certain. Any comments will be highly appreciated. I would also be willing to supply higher resolution images upon request. Please contact me at the e-mail address given below.

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